GLOSSARY This will eventually be a complete list of ingredients and their qualities, acronyms, & other terms that could use an explanation. Let us know if something is missing!
anti-oxidant- A substance that slows the deterioration process of oxidation in molecules. Two of our favorites are certified organic rosemary oleoresin (ROE) and Vitamin E (we use mixed tocopherols from GMO-free soy). They are both widely used and have proven efficacy and safety. However, they are only an effective preservative in 100% oil based products. Anything with water requires a different type of preservative, see below.
décolleté- The technical definition is a low-cut neck line, but in cosmetics it also refers to the area of the neck and upper chest with thinner, more delicate skin.
distillate– This is the water byproduct of the essential oil distillation process. The distillate has the same effective qualities of the essential oils but in a much gentler form because it is diluted in the water. They are also called hydrosols & flower water (although some people dilute essentials in water and sell as flower water, so read labels closely!)
ECOCERT- from the ECOCERT website:
“Ecocert is an inspection and certification body established in France in 1991 by agronomists aware of the need to develop environmentally friendly agriculture and of the importance of offering some form of recognition to those committed to this method of production. From its creation, Ecocert is specialized in the certification of organic agricultural products.”
FDA- Food & Drug Administration. They are the federal body that oversees the enforcement and operation of the USDA National Organic Program (NOP).
GMP- Good Manufacturing Practices. The FDA’s guidelines for safe and clean manufacture of cosmetics, personal care, drugs, and food.
gras- Generally Recognized As Safe. This is a designation from the FDA for a chemical or substance added to food is considered safe by experts, and so is exempted from the usual food additive tolerance requirements. These ingredients are exempt from safety testing because they have already been approved by the FDA. Most of the ingredients we use are gras.
IFRA- International FRagrance Association. They define safe usage levels for natural and synthetic fragrances for various types of formulation.
leuconostoc- Also called radish root ferment filtrate or Leucidal. It is a peptide isolated from the product of fermenting radishes with Leuconostoc kimchii, the same bacteria used to make the traditional Korean dish, kimchii. It is a natural anti-microbial that not only extends the life of our natural products but it also is conditioning to the skin. It is ECOCERT approved for use in organic products.
natural- Any ingredient that was obtained from nature through minimal physical processing, simple chemical reactions, biological actions, or mechanical processes. That means: no GMOs, petrochemicals, nanotechnology, irradiation, or solvents.
NOP- National Organic Program under the regulation of the US Department of Agriculture (USDA).
organic- Any natural ingredient that is grown organically or ethically wild harvested from renewable stands of plants. Salt and water are not included in organic classification. Our products are only labeled organic if they come from certified suppliers and approved by the USDA NOP standards, or ECOCERT. When ingredients are not certified organic, they are labelled as naturally grown or wild-harvested depending on their source. Glacial Naturals is currently working on getting certified by the USDA so our products can bear the USDA certified organic seal, we hope to have this done in 2014. This is the USDA National Organic Program definition of organic:
“Organic food is produced by farmers who emphasize the use of renewable resources and the conservation of soil and water to enhance environmental quality for future generations. Organic meat, poultry, eggs, and dairy products come from animals that are given no antibiotics or growth hormones. Organic food is produced without using most conventional pesticides; fertilizers made with synthetic ingredients or sewage sludge; bioengineering; or ionizing radiation. Before a product can be labeled “organic,” a Government-approved certifier inspects the farm where the food is grown to make sure the farmer is following all the rules necessary to meet USDA organic standards. Companies that handle or process organic food before it gets to your local supermarket or restaurant must be certified, too.”
preservative- A substance that extends the life and safety of any ingredient or product that has water, fresh, or quickly degradable ingredients… They are necessary to prevent microbial growth in products that go in or on the body. Typically preservatives have been chemically sourced to ensure you receive a product that is safe to consume/apply to your skin. This is because the risk of the preservative is less than the risk of using a contaminated ingredient or product. Contamination is dangerous to the very young and old, pregnant or nursing mothers, and anyone with a weakened immune system. Without preservatives water grows bacteria (from the water or the air) within hours. Add food like fats and botanicals and watch out! Fortunately, they have been developing natural preservatives and some effective ones are becoming available for the smaller producers. There are some great natural and organic anti-oxidants (see above) available to prevent the spoilage of oils. However, these do not work for water based products.
USDA- United States Department of Agriculture. The Department within the FDA created to handle the safety of agricultural products in the US. The USDA oversees the National Organic Program (NOP).